Key issues: In 1994, State prisons held 88,100 sex offenders compared to 20,500 in 1980.
Most will return to the community, many supervised by parole officers.
Target audience: Probation and parole officers and supervisors, treatment providers, victim services personnel, law enforcement officials, prosecutors, judges, social services personnel, State and local policymakers.Whenever possible, the perpetrator rather than the victim is removed from the home in cases of incest.Confidentiality is limited, and information is shared freely among the management team.Most profound in its traumatic implications is the violation of trust that occurs if, as in most sexual assault victimizations, offenders are known to victims.Trauma and the length and level of recovery seem linked to trust violation more than to many other factors. Thus, what might be regarded by some as a relatively minor type of sexual assault (e.g., "just fondling") can be extremely traumatic to a victim who trusted the perpetrator.Under this philosophy, treatment and supervision modalities give priority to community protection and victim safety.Orders for no contact with the victim are sought at the earliest opportunity.The accelerating influx of sex offenders into the criminal justice system further heightens the need for effective sex offender supervision and management practices, both in and out of prisons.The number of adults convicted annually of rape, child molestation, or other forms of sexual assault and sentenced to State prisons more than doubled between 1980 (8,000) and 1992 (19,100, almost 5 percent of all State prison admissions that year). State prisons held 20,500 sex offenders in 1980, 75,900 in 1992, 81,100 in 1993, and 88,100 in 1994. The majority will return to the community, many under supervision by parole officers.Series: NIJ Research in Brief Published: January 1997 31 pages 52,474 bytes U. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs National Institute of Justice National Institute of Justice Research in Brief Jeremy Travis, Director January 1997 ------------------------------ Issues and Findings Discussed in this Brief: Results of a national telephone survey identifying how probation and parole agencies managed adult sex offenders and a description of a model management process for containing sex offenders serving community sentences.The model process evolved from insights gleaned from field research in six States.